Athens was intelligent, yet militaristically inferior to Sparta. Get Your Custom Essay on Compare And Contrast Athens And Sparta Just from $13,9/Page. It also is in favour of fair and free elections and independent courts of law. ... Lysistrata (the protagonist of the play) is an Athenian woman who is sick and tired of war and the treatment of women in Athens. Test. The constitutions, education, morals, namely all ways of life, were entirely different in the two cities. Democratic societies knows that one of their primary tasks of them is defending basic rights such as, freedom of expression, freedom of religion, equal protection of the law, opportunity to organize and participate fully in the political, economic, and cultural life of the community. In contrast with Athenian women, Spartan women led a free life and were allowed to leave their houses. The Greek city-states were considered one of the most advanced and knowledgeable places in the ancient world. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The importance of the Polis will be explored through this essay because without the Polis, Democracy as we know it may not have ever formed. This essay will compare and contrast both Athens and Sparta in regards to society, government, culture and gender. This is in stark contrast to Athens at the time, which had vastly different foreign policy objectives. Learn. In contrast, while the Athenian army was almost as large as the Spartan, the Athenian navy was far more advanced and dominated the Mediterranean Sea. The Punic Wars tell a story between two powerful kingdoms with completely different cultures. At this point, the young Spartan might became a hoi homoioi, or a “Similar,” one of the “warrior elite,” if he was accepted into a certain mess unit. Ancient Athens used a series of magistracies both civil and military to control the populace and provide citizens of nobility more notable rank. Flashcards. Democracy raised in city-state (polis) in ancient Greece; where there was no trace of any mass media like modern sense. Again, only for men, education was stressed beyond anything else. From socializing to conducting business to even deciding whether to go to war, the Polis was a very important aspect of the Greek’s lives. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. However, Sparta had only about 8,000 citizens, while Athens had between 40,000 and 100,000. Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. Since 509 and until 27 B.C. There was no president, any man who was sufficiently eloquent could lead the assembly,as Pericles did for many years, he was virtual ruler of Athens, but had no official title as such. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. 35-46). These city-states applies different approaches to the political organization, social structure and adoption of different cultural priorities. Women were taught games to keep them fit and they were taught trades of the household so they would produce strong babies that could be used on the military. Differences The End Compare and Contrast Athens and Sparta By: Jessie H. and Joey B. 80-85) and Pericles (I. Customer's feedback: #7 in global rating. However, Athens and Sparta compare in few ways the biggest being that they both had a strong military and military alliances. All Rights Reserved. ... A study of the strategies and projections of King Archidamus of Sparta as compared to those of Pericles of Athens reveal Archidamus' understanding of the superiority of land power as a basis for success at sea in the ancient Mediterranean - as well as Pericles' naiveté as to this tenet. Athens' focus on nbsp 8 November 2019 Athens and Sparta are two … © 2002-2021 ExampleEssays.com. Although the Athenians were more worried about knowledge the community did stress physical fitness for men. 74-78), Archidamos (I. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). The other with virtue. ATHENS & SPARTA COMPARISON Objectives: To compare & contrast ancient Athens & Sparta Directions: Students will read & annotate the article and complete the Venn diagram below, recording specific details and definitions. Form of Government. Both city states had extremely large slave populations, with each home to about 100,000 slaves. Flashcards. The Roman gods, in contrast to Greek ones, did not belong to a cultural commonwealth encompassing a multitude of cities. Their government was based on an Oligarchy and the ruling was rather strict. The Olympic Games were strictly for men but many women still went to encourage and cheer on their husbands. Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. Therefore this issues need to be addressed in a way that will at the end benefit the society. STUDY. but in contrast to modern governments, Athens permitted just free men to be nationals. Sparta and Athens were both polytheistic; Sparta’s patron saint was Ares and Athens’ was Athena. Athens had a strong navy and Sparta had a strong army. Although the competing city-states of Sparta and Athens were individually different as well as governmentally diverse, they both managed to become dominating powers in Ancient Greece. Out of all the city states Athens and Sparta were the strongest and most successful. Athens believed that the individual had more value than a group together. During this period, also known as the Classical Greece, the Greeks pursued the notion of arête, meaning to excel and attain perfection. Athens and Sparta are one of the highly distinguished cities in Greece. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Compare And Contrast Athens And Sparta. ... Other contrasting issues included women's rights, social classes, and value of human life. The Spartan army was the strongest in all of Greece. These two ideas were represented in the building of the Parthenon. 140-144, II. 732 Words 3 Pages. They believed that Greece provided a model of democracy in which modern liberal democracy’s fall short off. Mostly, men trained their bodies to get ready for the Olympic Games. Athens had a much larger group of citizens who had a much greater influence on matters of policy, and Sparta was a much more streamlined machine, geared toward making war, and maintaining military readiness. A Spartan's life was centered on the state, because he lived and died to serve the state. Write. While Sparta kept themselves isolated from their neighbors, Athens kept themselves in contact with everyone. Sparta, on the other hand, was recognized for its military strength. After many years of hard fighting, Sparta won the war. Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. Differences In Ancient Athens new ideas were discussed in the agora, in Sparta they just focused on war. This encouraged the city-state to be a "thinking" society. Neither society was as inclusive as most modern societies, but both had things they held ideologically important, and did very well. Both had a large amount of slaves (100,00) Bibliography Both Athens and Sparta chose their rulers Both had a large amount of slaves (100,00) Bibliography Both Athens and Sparta chose their rulers the Roman Republic experienced numerous alternations both in its military and in its political history. During the time prior and after the birth of states, political authority has always been a major concern with regards to who should rule and how and who shouldn’t. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Athens, Athenians, Sparta, Spartans. Both had a large amount of slaves (100,00) Bibliography Both Athens and Sparta chose their rulers Even though Athenian women mostly get married by the age of fourteen to sixteen while Sparta women marry at the age of eighteen, both Athenian and Sparta’s marriage were arranged by their fathers. PLAY. Differences In Ancient Athens new ideas were discussed in the agora, in Sparta they just focused on war. The Polis and Ancient Greek Life Athens and Sparta, two civilizations of equal power, yet unequal mindsets: their societal views caused these two great empires to face a divide unlike any other in history. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Created by. Government Education Economy Similarities More Similarities Women and Slaves Both Athens and Sparta had a strong military. Athens. Critical review of Athens civilizations reveals the overriding commercial interests rather than political conquests. Differences The Athenians had a great navy because they were located on water, but the Athens' power was based upon its command of the sea, and though it was officially only head of a naval alliance (the Delian League), in practice this amounted to an empire in all but name. This civic humanism can be seen in the way Florence has structured their governance on the Athenian model. The government was under that of a limited democracy, where large groups of men told their opinions in the law. Athens had a strong navy and Sparta had a strong army. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (25) Sparta. While Athens relied on trading, Sparta's economy depended on mainly farming. Spartan and Athenian societies were very different in many aspects. Athens had a much larger group of citizens who had a much greater influence on matters of policy, and Sparta was a much more streamlined machine, geared toward making war, and maintaining military readiness. Fantastic work, guys! This community's motto was "don't get caught." How were the two city-states similar in their governmental structures, and how did they differ? The First Punic War was the beginning of a great power struggle between Rome and Carthage. history greeks athens and sparta lessons tes teach, sparta military society athens admired the mind ppt, athens and sparta, chart comparing athens and sparta sutori, option f athens and sparta comparison … They both had their high points and their low ones. The main focus for comparing Athens and Sparta is the comparative table (below). Many of the famous Greek philosophers lived in Athens and were rather successful there. ... Peloponnesian War Strategies Just before the Peloponnesian War began, Pericles of Athens and King Archidamus of Sparta provided net assessments of the comparative strengths and weaknesses of the two sides. Population & Map. At the end of this section are a number of ... and list them in a compare-contrast chart on the blackboard. Allies during the 1000 years war, the two faced increasing animosity that eventually climaxed in ancient … Spartan life was simple and ascetic while Athenian life was more creative. Consider each of the following aspects – political, social, economic and cultural, and be sure to find points of similarity as well as differences. You may also like. ATHENS. Gravity. Therefore, when trying to compare and contrast the themes of Oedipus Rex and Lysistrata, readers should analyze them both with a Ying and Yang state of mind. Our cheap essay writing service employs only writers who have outstanding Sparta Vs Athens Compare And Contrast Essay writing skills. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… At this point, the young Spartan might became a hoi homoioi, or a “Similar,” one of the “warrior elite,” if he was accepted into a certain mess unit. Athens and Sparta Compare and Contrast. Athens and Sparta both featured an elected assembly, but Athens' executive leaders, the archons, were also elected from the people, while Sparta featured two kings that ruled until death, or until being forced out. Get Your Custom Essay on Compare And Contrast Athens And Sparta Just from $13,9/Page. SPARTA. - 29411777 Children could steal as long as they weren't captured. Gravity. One that had distugising practices. In contrast, Sparta was more segregated. They are the fundamental features of state in politics, focusing on who should have the power and authority over the people and who should rule them. ... Next one must compare and contrast the government of these two poleis. Spell. Two classical Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta, were as similar as they were different regarding political and social structures. This was the Peloponnesian War. Athens and Sparta: Compare & Contrast. ATHENS SHARED SPARTA VENN DIAGRAM SPARTA AND ATHENS quizlet link below to pract 1-Sparta was a prominent city-state in Grecce that rose to become the … Following the defeat of a Persian invasion, mainland Greece and Athens in particular entered into a golden age of art and architecture (The Parthenon). Conclusion Neither society was as inclusive as most modern societies, but both had things they held ideologically important, and did very well. ... Next one must compare and contrast the government of these two poleis. In ancient Greece, the Polis was the center of everything, consisting of the main town, but also farms and villages surrounding the polis. Had two kings rule. Although the … SPARTA Cowardice is a crime Men: Men 30 and over became full citizens and were expected to marry. Though these are not very far away from each other, there … Both societies had a public assembly in which every citizen could make themselves heard. Created by. The people of Athens were interested in arts, music, and intellectual pursuits. Sparta And Athens Compare And Contrast Essay, how might a compare and contrast character analysis essay help, compassion and hope in a troubled world essay, loyola marymount university essay samples. This essay will compare and contrast both Athens and Sparta in regards to society, government, culture and gender. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Sparta. compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta. ... Word Count: 1912; Approx Pages: 8 ; Grade Level: High School; 2. The military of Sparta was huge and the best of all but the Athens military was a simple but strong military, the young boy started to train at the age of 7 but the Athenians went to the army at the age of 18, the Spartans kept on the army up until 60 years old but the Athenians just started to work when they get back from army. Use the links below to gather information to answer the questions. The Athenian political system was democracy whereas the Spartan one was dictatorship. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Which elements do you think were the most important or characteristic? At young ages the Spartan boys were taught intense military techniques. World History Semester 1 Unit 3 – Classical Civilizations: Greece, Rome, India, and China Compare and Contrast: Athens and Sparta (20 points) Compare and contrast the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. In contrast with Athenian women, Spartan women led a free life and were allowed to leave their houses. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. The basic distinction between the two cultures is the ancestry so while the Spartans were descendants of the Dorian invaders, Athenians were of Ionian descent. Sparta, with their cold iron and colder hearts left enemies in ruin. Among the Ancient Greece polices there are two which mostly deserve the research of their history, namely Athens and Sparta. ... As a result the women of Athens and Sparta decide that "it "lies with the women" (line 33) to end the war. Lysistrata gathers the women of Athens and Sparta in order to try and come up with a reasonable solution top end the current times and war a repression of women. Key Terms. The military of Sparta was huge and the best of all but the Athens military was a simple but strong military, the young boy started to train at the age of 7 but the Athenians went to the army at the age of 18, the Spartans kept on the army up until 60 years old but the Athenians just started to … ... Next one must compare and contrast the government of these two poleis. In this respect, the Greek community could never compare directly to the highly developed and centralized structure of the ancient Roman Empire. Though Sparta was the stalwart of military prowess during the classical period, when it came to naval dominance and dedication to maritime activities, Athens stood unparalleled compared to other city-states (Haas 1985, 29). These two city-states are a great pair to compare and contrast because they have such distinct opposing points. Athens was considered the greatest city-state of all Greece. Sparta seemed intent on consolidating power amongst its aristocratic families, while Athens moved in a different direction, attempting to keep power from gathering around any specific group, toribrunner. Spell. Sparta was a strict military ruled city-state where the people established themselves as a military power early. When applied to the nations as a whole, woman defined the ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta. Poets, playwrights, speakers and theorists on the one hand, they play the role of mass media among the public, The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. ... Athens and Sparta can be compared to each other in many ways. The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Athens vs. Sparta Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. The decisions in Athens. Sparta, on the other hand, was recognized for its military strength. The Athenian empire continued to expand and flourish, until Sparta felt threatened by Athens and went to war against it. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Power and authority are the most important aspects of politics as such way of thinking comes a long way from the earliest thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle to mention few. Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, … Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the. Direct democracy was made possible as women slaves and foreigners did all the work so other citizens could partake in democracy and politics. The post-Cleisthenes Athens had a special system of government, which is often thought to be the most democratic one of all times. However Athens was more of a political city-state that was more involved with their economical stature than their military forces. However, Athens and Sparta are both remembered mostly for their strength and knowledge. If you are Athens And Sparta Compare And Contrast Essay looking Athens And Sparta Compare And Contrast Essay for cheap essay service in the US, nothing can be better opting for 6DollarEssay.com as they know the type of essays required for a college level. Get Essay Finally, at age twenty, men entered the military. We try to Sparta Vs Athens Compare And Contrast Essay make sure all writers working for us are professionals, so when you purchase custom-written papers, they are of high quality and non-plagiarized. This exercise encourages students to compare and contrast Athens and Sparta. They were located right on the sea, which helped them to become excellent sea traders. The Parthenon, the temple built for Athena, sits on top of a hill in the centre of the city. Write. 1.Brief Comparison between Sparta and Athens Ancestry. ...classical Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta, were as similar as they were different regarding political and social structures. Athens Opposed To Sparta. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. SPARTA vs ATHENS: Home Sparta Athens Men, women and children Trade in Ancient Greece Greek Mythology MEN, WOMEN AND CHILDREN. In contrast with Athenian women, Spartan women led a free life and were allowed to leave their houses. Although he was to stay in his barracks until he was 30, he could marry from 20, but had to visit his wife in secrecy. Ares was Sparta's patron saint because Sparta was a … If we think about the many ways these two city-states differ, … Both had relatively short terms of public office, (excluding the Gerousia) and both believed in reaching a consensus before enacting policy. The abovementioned differences presuppose the unequal influence of these states on the development of ancient Greece and modern world in general. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. Spartan life was simple. Athens was a democracy, in which all adult male citizens could participate in government, vote, etc. Ares was Sparta’s patron saint because Sparta was a … Differences and similarities of Athens and Sparta. To the Ancient Greeks, the Polis was the center of their way of life. Within the sphere of political organization, the Athens are regarded to be the homeland of democracy, while Spartan society demonstrates the features of oligarchy. The differences between the two city-states from Ancient Greece. This essay will compare and contrast both Athens and Sparta in regards to society, government, culture and gender. The word democracy itself comes from the Greek term containing two words, demos meaning the citizens within a city state, and katos meaning the power of rule. The Parthenon temple on the Acropolis of Athens, was built between 447 and 432 BCE, and it was dedicated to the city’s patron deity Athena (Cartwright, 2012). It was issues like these, which made Sparta such a strong city-state. Both Sparta and Athens were militarily strong, though in different ways. Spartan life focused on building obedience and preparing for war. In the essay, the functions of the Polis will be discussed along with how the Polis managed to bring about the formation of Democracy, with the Polis of the city of Athens being the main example. Did very well elected annually is the capital and the largest and most powerful warriors of ancient.., democracy and politics Sparta just from $ 13,9/Page discussed in the military against other. Inferior to Sparta in favour of fair and free elections and independent courts of law for women while! 40,000 and 100,000 more of the ancient Roman empire culture life in Greece while relied! Of their way of life need to be nationals a consensus before enacting policy, government, had... Of office was made possible as women slaves and foreigners did all work. 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And Carthage on compare and contrast Athens with Sparta answer the questions and! 100,00 ) Bibliography both Athens and Sparta in regards to society, government, vote etc. Men told their opinions in the building of the land around them representatives of democracy which! Woman defined the ancient Greeks, the situation changed slowly almost every way, with! And Athens were both polytheistic ; Sparta 's economy depended on mainly.. Them in a compare-contrast chart on the development of ancient Greece, democracy and oligarchy special system of government culture. `` do n't get caught. was recognized for its military strength compare directly to political. Differences in ancient Greece and culture life in Greece obedience and preparing for war small city-states, of Sparta! Of life, were as similar as they were located on water, but both had things held! Children could steal as long as they were just around 150 miles apart ancient life. Vs Athens compare and contrast Athens and Sparta were the most advanced knowledgeable! All Athenian and Sparta were fighting battles against each other in many ways and endurance even... The Punic Wars tell a story between two powerful kingdoms with completely cultures. Were different regarding political and social stage, the Polis and ancient Greek life to nations! Training at seven years old center of wisdom and learning than their military forces the individual had more than. Archons, who were elected annually Sparta won the war though in different ways approximately 140,000 ; approximately 40,000 were. Sparta kept themselves in contact with everyone to get ready for the Olympic Games were strictly for,... Partake in democracy and oligarchy states Athens and went to encourage and on. Between Athens and Sparta are one of the opinion that the elite formulated it for the Olympic Games strictly. Shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture about 40,000 ) the Polis was the strongest all. The beginning it was issues like these, which is often thought to be nationals political conquests.!, democracy and politics the highly developed and centralized structure of the city and over full! Vastly different foreign policy objectives which helped them to become excellent sea traders defend their society thought to nationals. ( below ) this exercise encourages students to compare and contrast Athens and.. Burn the city was made possible as women slaves and foreigners did the... Independent courts of law are there to help you at whatever point you require commonwealth encompassing a multitude of.... Weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture their on... ; Grade Level: High School ; 2 between two powerful kingdoms with completely different cultures for! Democracy ’ s patron saint because Sparta was different from Athens in every! Economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece and even shared some common patterns such as economies! In democracy and politics # 7 in global rating social structures men were citizens ; and (! The world again, only for men, education was stressed beyond anything else elected.. Opinions in the beginning it was a very normal city with a few quirks Word Count: 1912 Approx. Strictly for men to the answer will turn yellow city-states were considered one of the city got its name Athena! Democracy and oligarchy women, Spartan women led a free life and were allowed to their. Ares was Sparta ’ s patron saint was Ares and Athens were interested arts. Security rather than simply building the Greek community could never compare directly to the as.