Structure in any organization is inevitable-- an organization, by definition, implies a structure. These components include hardware, software, networking components, an operating system (OS), and data storage, all of which are used to deliver IT services and solutions. It provides the communication path and services between users, processes, applications, services and external networks/the internet. Infrastructure software. management-information-systems Infrastructure software is perhaps the most “gray” of all infrastructure components. With IaaS, you rent IT infrastructure—servers and virtual machines (VMs), storage, networks, operating systems—from a cloud provider on a pay-as-you-go basis. Information security means protecting information (data) and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction.. Information Security management is a process of defining the security controls in order to protect the information assets.. Security Program []. For an organization's information technology, infrastructure management (IM) is the management of essential operation components, such as policies, processes, equipment, data, human resources, and external contacts, for overall effectiveness. Introduction []. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. Enterprise IT infrastructure typically refers to components required for the existence, operation and management of an enterprise IT environment. PaaS, or Platform-as-a-Service, is a cloud computing model that provides customers a complete platform—hardware, software, and infrastructure—for developing, running, and managing applications without the cost, complexity, and inflexibility of building and maintaining that platform on-premises.. In computing, information technology infrastructure is composed of physical and virtual resources that support the flow, storage, processing and analysis of data. Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) is a cloud-computing offering in which a vendor provides users access to computing resources such as servers, storage and networking.Organizations use their own platforms and applications within a service provider’s infrastructure. Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) The most basic category of cloud computing services. In other words, workers and supervisors alike should know what the employee’s goals are as well as the individual tasks required to reach those goals. The infrastructure may be owned, managed and operated by the organization, a third party or some combination, and it may exist on or off premises. The focus of I&O leaders is evolving far beyond technology elements like data centers, colocation and the cloud to instead encompass more about how an organization’s I&O can support and enable business strategy. Key features Cloud computing has been credited with increasing competitiveness through cost reduction, greater flexibility, elasticity and optimal resource utilization. Developing, operating, and maintaining an organization's computing infrastructure is a major function of the _____ department. asked Jun 12, 2016 in Business by NoBeef. As with other significant developments in technology, many vendors have seized the term cloud and are using it for products that are outside of the common definition. Public Cloud: The development platform is built on infrastructure provisioned for use by multiple organizations (also known as a multi-tenant model). Governance of cloud computing is challenging even with a single cloud provider involved and becomes even more challenging as organizations move toward multicloud. This led me to speculate about what changes cloud will cause to happen in the near future. All resources except for organizations have exactly one parent. The network infrastructure is responsible for maintaining both internal and external connectivity of the internal and external systems. What is cloud computing? Cloud computing is on-demand access, via the internet, to computing resources—applications, servers (physical servers and virtual servers), data storage, development tools, networking capabilities, and more—hosted at a remote data center managed by a cloud services provider (or CSP). Because the cloud is a broad collection of services, organizations can choose where, when, and how they use cloud computing. Infrastructure is the foundation or framework that supports a system or organization. The Organization is the top of the hierarchy and does not have a parent. A) human resources B) information systems C) marketing D) manufacturing. IT infrastructure can be deployed within a cloud computing system, or within an organization's own facilities. Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user. Network infrastructure is the hardware and software resources of an entire network that enable network connectivity, communication, operations and management of an enterprise network. Here are a few situations where cloud computing is used to enhance the ability to achieve business goals. Your group is going to have some structure whether it chooses to or not. Maintaining clarity within an organization means that employees have a completely clear picture of all aspects of their jobs. What is PaaS (Platform-as-a-Service)? Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. Organizations with a smaller IT infrastructure generally require a smaller IT staff as well. Years ago I drew a diagram of a generic IT organization’s structure, but upon revisiting it today I realized how many changes in IT departments I had left out. Platform as a service (PaaS) or application platform as a service (aPaaS) or platform-based service is a category of cloud computing services that provides a platform allowing customers to develop, run, and manage applications without the complexity of building and maintaining the infrastructure typically associated with developing and launching an app. The Organization resource is the root node of the Google Cloud resource hierarchy and all resources that belong to an organization are grouped under the organization node. 11.2 Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Developing, operating, and maintaining an organization's computing infrastructure is a major function of the _____ department. It can be internal to an organization and deployed within owned facilities, or deployed within a cloud computing system, or a combination thereof. CH 11 MIS QUIZ Developing, operating, and maintaining an organization's computing infrastructure is a major function of the _____ department information systems Every IS user has a right to a secure computing environment. ‘It recognises the infrastructure in place and the level of service we can provide here.’ ‘This is not intended to be a political debate about ownership of the infrastructure.’ ‘We are exploring new avenues where we can use our vast infrastructure to earn profits.’ With Azure as the primary platform for infrastructure, we are adopting Azure management tools for monitoring, updating, backup, and security. A) human resources B) information systems C) marketing D) manufacturing Answer: B 2) Which of the following statements is true of an IS department? Organizations should take a business viewpoint and look at how to optimize costs and how to use the right tools to build their case for a given infrastructure deployment. Infrastructure refers broadly to the basic physical systems of a business, region, or nation. In practice, it leverages the methods and tools of engineering in conceiving, developing, operating and maintaining cloud computing systems and solutions. Infrastructure and operations (I&O) is becoming increasingly involved in unprecedented areas of the modern-day enterprise. This means that _____. The classic definition of a Data Warehouse is architecture used to maintain critical historical data that has been extracted from operational data storage and transformed into formats accessible to the organization’s analytical community. Information system infrastructure and architecture. A well-designed information system rests on a coherent foundation that supports responsive change—and, thus, the organization’s agility—as new business or administrative initiatives arise. Examples include roads, sewer systems, power lines, and ports. Cloud computing is a broad term that describes a wide range of services. 1. Creating and maintaining consistent procedures ... thoughtful steps in the right direction will get your organization up to its optimal operational ... reliable network infrastructure. As our IT infrastructure has evolved from traditional datacenters to hybrid cloud infrastructure, so have our tools for managing IT infrastructure. Cloud providers offer on-demand, self-service resources with endless capacity, making it difficult for organizations to gain visibility into, and manage, what is being consumed. Also, because organizations are relying on a particular service provider's infrastructure and software, there is a potential problem of vendor lock-in with PaaS environments. Network infrastructure is a part of IT infrastructure of an organization. It brings a systematic approach to concerns of commercialization, standardization, and governance of cloud computing applications. IaaS also saves enterprises from having to buy more capacity to deal with sudden business spikes. However, I consider server operating systems and directory services (like MS Active Directory) to be part of the infrastructure. It might as well be the structure which best matches up with what kind of organization you have, what … Cloud computing is a trending topic, and although it is much debated, few speak about how it will affect information technology (IT) organizations. Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) No longer do organizations have the responsibility of ensuring uptime, maintaining hardware and networking equipment, or replacing old equipment. 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