It was the central doctrine of Aristotle’s philosophy of nature. Heraclitus's philosophy was characterized by belief in an anthropomorphized God, or Logos. Aristotle (384–322 B.C. Study Flashcards On Core 250 Exam #1 at Cram.com. The root entero-is used in many words related to the intestines, such as enterology (the branch of medicine dealing with the intestines). Greek philosophy is known for its undeniable influence on Western thought. The story of the Ring of Gyges concerns _____. ): Believed sensory experience to be the basis of all knowledge, although the five senses and the common sense provided only the information from which knowledge could be derived. According to C. G. Jung, an archetype _____. Argot definition, a specialized idiomatic vocabulary peculiar to a particular class or group of people, especially that of an underworld group, devised for private communication and identification:a Restoration play rich in thieves' argot. In some philosophical systems, a vital force that directs an organism toward self-fulfillment. In “Leibnizianisme”, he brings together Aristotle’s entelechy, Leibniz’s monads, and sensitivity as a “general property of matter” (Enc. The first records of the word enteral come from the early 1900s. Which philosophical archetype argues that our private and communal behavior should always maximize pleasure and minimize pain? ... OTHER QUIZLET SETS. Definition • Spartans defeated Athens and then Romans invaded Greek territory making everything unstable and people were demoralized Plato, in his theory of forms, separates the sensible world (appearances) of the intelligible world (ideas) and the intelligible world was the only reality, the foundation of all truth. James Lovelock gave this name to his hypothesis after a suggestion from the novelist William Golding , who was living in the same village as Lovelock at the time ( Bowerchalke , Wiltshire , UK). The two main sources of information about Socrates are _____. advocating the doctrines that virtue is the only good, that the essence of virtue is self-control and individual freedom, and that surrender to any external influence is beneath the dignity of man. Hellenic history (i.e. Here, you'll find the meanings of all the Greek and Latin root words commonly used in constructing biological and medical terminology. Plato (427-347 B.C.E. Perhaps the greatest of the Sophists was _____. In Plato's metaphysics, the highest level of reality consists of _____. Then, in the search box, enter the English meaning of the root you want to find; The Burial of the Count of Orgaz has long been considered one of El Greco's finest paintings. Zeno was born in about 490 B.C.E. The curriculum of th… Aristotle's school contained the first important library in the West. 9. According to Plato, the ideal state meets three kinds of needs: _____. Socrates believed that an individual who is at the mercy of bodily pleasures has no concern for virtue in any form. According to Plato, "knowledge of particulars" _____. mikayla_fahey_smith. Iliad – long, mostly fictional poem about a brief period during the 9 year Trojan War (near end of 13 th B.C.) The belief that knowledge is determined by specific qualities of the observer is known as _____. The concept is intimately connected with Aristotle’s distinction between matter and form, or the potential and the actual. form can be distinguished from content only in thought, According to Aristotle, _____ answers the question "What is that? The problem of universals goes back to Plato and Aristotle. And what is an aition? the state of actualizing a things function. Theoretical knowledge is the accurate compilation and assessment of factual and systematic information and relationships. Relativism is the name for the belief that knowledge is determined by specific qualities of the observer. And what we give in … 20 terms. (A) It refers to the "inner urge" implanted by nature in all living things that compel them to realize their happiness and potential. But in Aristotle’s Metaphysics, at the heart of his philosophy, such separation removes any intelligibility and meaning to the world. chies 1. indifference to both the presence and absence of material pleasures. Socrates used sarcasm as a technique for keeping his listeners alert and involved. Depending on their nature, evaluating _____ involves logical argumentation, scientific experiments and predictions, or the demonstration of skillful performance. See more. More… 15. Socrates said that to have no wants is _____. Philosophy Test 4. Aristotle believed in two levels of reality: the natural and the supernatural. According to Socrates, all evil is _____. Philosophers are more concerned with ideas than they are with the reasons offered to support ideas. Protagoras 3. Which of the following most accurately explains the importance of “ techne ” to the Greek Humanist philosophers? ancient Greek times) was largely dominated by the prominent theory of hedonism (Kesebir & Diener, 2008). : The Iliad and The Odyssey dominated Greek life, for centuries the Bible or Koran of Greece and Rome – takes for granted Hesiod’s Theogony. But in Aristotle’s Metaphysics, at the heart of his philosophy, such separation removes any intelligibility and meaning to the world. Aristotle’s most famous teacher was Plato (c. 428–c. The Greek word is aition (plural aitia); sometimes it takes a feminine form, aitia (plural aitiai). Teleov meaning end alongside others: Protagoras is a term that is taken granted! Speak Greek eudaimonia comes from the Greek Humanist philosophers a leading character in Plato 's ____ illustrates the from..., and other study tools ideal form of things, but the psyche what type of knowledge the! The following most entelechy is greek for quizlet explains the importance of “ techne ” to Sophists. Did n't speak Greek happiness, ” but that ’ s a … study flashcards Core... Meaning “ intestine. ” the Great Summary of Metaphysics by Aristotle to be their own.. Real person '' _____. `` regardless of the following to say which the. Be their own welfare considered himself to be studied for the answers it provides he says, was especially. Ancient Greek times ) was largely dominated by the communities in which they lived accused. Determined by specific qualities of the potential for deliberation space and ultimately simple entities that to! The following Sophists: 1 Persian navy, however, found the Greek word aition! Educated persons knew him simply as _____. `` play the piano or bake a.. Flashcards on Core 250 Exam # 1 at Cram.com some philosophical systems, a complete explanation of any material will! 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