antonina wife of belisarius

Procopius mentions: "At this time Belisarius, after subjugating Italy, came to Byzantium at the summons of the emperor with his wife Antonina, in order to march against the Persians". Procopius alleges that she only did so to maintain her influence on the general. Books Advanced Search Today's Deals New Releases Amazon Charts Best Sellers & More The Globe & Mail Best Sellers New York Times Best Sellers Best Books of the Month Children's Books Textbooks Kindle Books Audible Audiobooks Livres en français Antonina and Giovannina, Belisarius' wife and daughter, detail from Theodora and her entourage, mosaic, south wall of the apse, Basilica of San Vitale , Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna . Moreover, the Goths who were in Portus, though they could see their enemy constantly sailing by almost near enough to touch, made no move against them, but sat there wondering in amazement at the plan they had hit upon. Soprano Irene, their daughter . Count No Man Happy: A Byzantine Fantasy, Kastenellos' other novel set in the Byzantine Empire, about the reign and fantasies of the Emperor Constantine VI. She assisted Procopius, at the time secretary to Belisarius, in raising a fleet. "[1][5] "For Photius was by nature prone to be vexed if anyone had more influence than he with any person, and in the case of Theodosius and his associates he chanced to have a just cause to be sorely aggrieved, in that he himself, though a son, was made of no account, while Theodosius enjoyed great power and was acquiring great wealth. She arranged for the young couple to start living together, unmarried. Procopius here reveals his own "inside knowledge of events and personalities". Count Belisarius purports to be a biography written by Eugenius, a eunuch who is a servant of Belisarius' wife Antonina. She supposedly persuaded Vigilantia to build a church dedicated to Procopius of Scythopolis. Traductions en contexte de "of Belisarius" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : Following the departure of Belisarius in mid-540, Bessas remained in Italy. See Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details.Copying and Sharing ConceptNet for more details. Antonina and Theodora were generally seen as two women with a very strong and very influential personality. This information, however, led him much more quickly to the decision. Prokopios hevdar at forholdet var velkjend ved keisarhoffet og at generalen hadde eit omdøme som svak og låtteleg. All persons referred to and all terms and places are referenced in appendices. A less amiable side in the relations of the two women can be seen in the marriage of Ioannina and Anastasius. A man leader licking a woman’s feet signifies men’s gynocentric subordination to women throughout history. Ifølge historikaren var Antonina utru mot Belisarius med den adopterte sonen deira, Theodosius. [1], Antonina initially stood alongside Belisarius in the Siege of Rome (537–538). The couple were reconciled on Theodora's order, though the empress still had to find the whereabouts of Theodosius. Born into an Illyrian or Thracian family, he became a Roman soldier as a young man, serving as bodyguard of Emperor Justin I. They therefore selected the small boats belonging to the larger ships, put a fence of high planks around them on all sides, in order that the men on board might not be exposed to the enemy's shots, and embarked archers and sailors on them in numbers suitable for each boat. For whereas Antonina had recently laid snares for one enemy for her, the Cappadocian, and had betrayed him, she herself delivered over to Antonina a host of men and brought about their destruction without even a charge having been brought against them. Antonina (Wife of Belisarius): Avery Iustinus Tim: Amazon.com.au: Books. Skip to main content.com.au. Antonina, Belisarius' Wife: Now she was unfaithful as a wife from the start, but was careful to conceal her indiscretions by the usual precautions; not from any awe of her spouse (for she never felt any shame at anything) and fooled him easily with her deceptions), but because she feared the punishment of the Empress. [1][4]" ... "There Valentinus, the groom of Photius, the son of Antonina, made a remarkable exhibition of valour. John had a daughter, Euphemia, who had a great reputation for discretion, but a very young woman and for this reason very susceptible; this girl was exceedingly loved by her father, for she was his only child. The narrative, while loaded with all sorts of silly judgments that have no place amongst scholarly works, is very easy to follow. [1] Procopius records "For Sergius was soft and unwarlike and he was very immature both in character and in years, yet he was dominated to an excessive degree by jealousy and a spirit of braggadocio towards all men, effeminate in his way of living and puffing out his cheeks with pride. She did not remain idle. [1][36], This might be the last reliable mention of Antonina. Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 5, Chapter 18.43. They had married less than two years before the African campaign and Antonina had born a daughter. Now she was unfaithful as a wife from the start, but was careful to conceal her indiscretions by the usual precautions; not from any awe of her spouse (for she never felt any shame at anything, and fooled him Cambridge University Press. "The Book of the Popes (Liber Pontificalis". [18], We do not know when or how Antonina and Belisarius met. Antonina was a strong-willed and liberated lady from the streets of Constantinople who, Procopius admitted, contributed substantially to the Italian campaign. Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1935). She was the one to arrange the marriage to the heiress. Procopius narrates: "As for Belisarius, he brought upon himself much ridicule on the part of the Romans, for though he had barely escaped from the enemy, he bade them take courage thenceforth and look with contempt upon the barbarians; for he knew well, he said, that he would conquer them decisively. But before Belisarius can set out on this seemingly impossible mission, he must prove his loyalty amid the ruins of a capital shattered by rebellion. [18], Evans also calls attention to the relation between Antonina and Theodosius. In 429 AD, a Vandal Kingdom was founded on Roman territory in North Africa. By treating this young woman kindly for several days Antonina succeeded most completely in winning her friendship, and she did not refuse to share her secrets with her. For a rumour was going about that the emperor had sent an army there. In early 549, Antonina broke up this marriage. "There [Italy] she enjoyed to the full both the attentions of her lover and the simplicity of her husband and later on came to Byzantium in company with both of them." 633, 815, 915. Antonina was a Byzantine patrikia and wife of the general Belisarius. Belisarius and Antonina were clearly in no position to argue. Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 3, Chapter 12.1–2. 484. Which would make her still alive in 565. And Antonina replied quickly: "It is because we are not able, my daughter, to undertake revolutions in camp, unless some of those here at home join with us in the task. Count Belisarius purports to be a biography written by Eugenius, a eunuch who is a servant of Belisarius' wife Antonina. What is known from Belisarius' private secretary and biographer, Procopius of Caesaria, is that she was the daughter of a charioteer in the hippodrome of Constantinople and that after his death her mother prostituted the barely teenage girl. Theodora clearly envisioned her grandson as the heir to an immense fortune. She reportedly went to live with Vigilantia, sister of Justinian. And he [Belisarius] commissioned him [Procopius] to load as many ships as possible with grain, to gather all the soldiers who at the moment had arrived from Byzantium, or had been left about Naples in charge of horses or for any other purpose whatever—for he had heard that many such were coming to the various places in Campania--and to withdraw some of the men from the garrisons there, and then to come back with them, convoying the grain to Ostia, where the harbour of the Romans was. But since he happened to have become a suitor of the daughter of Antonina, wife of Belisarius, the Empress was quite unwilling to inflict any punishment upon him or to discharge him from his office". "But the general in supreme command over all was Belisarius, and he had with him many notable men as spearmen and guards. Now if your father were willing, we should most easily organize this project and accomplish whatever God wills." Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 3. His wife, though unfaithful and often embarrassing to him, had great influence at court, which was valuable when Justinian grew suspicious of him. He was merciful as a conqueror, stern as a disciplinarian, enterprising and wary as a general; while his courage, loyalty and forbearance seem to have been almost unsullied. Then turned her wrath on various "intimates" of Belisarius and Photius. "History of the wars. A dramatized history of Belisarius, arguably the greatest military tactician and strategist of the ancient world. Antonina (en grec Ἀντωνίνα) est une patricienne byzantine et l'épouse du général Bélisaire.Il s'agit d'un personnage controversé que l'historien Paolo Cesaretti présente comme le « bras droit » de l'impératrice Théodora dans l'exercice du pouvoir [1].D'après son contemporain, l'historien Procope, elle disposait d'une grande influence sur son mari. Antonina did manage a common law marriage or concubinage and was the mother of a daughter, Callista, and a son, Photius, who as a young officer would accompany her and Belisarius in Italy. 13 relations: Antonina (wife of Belisarius), Belisarius, Byzantine Empire, Cassell (publisher), Historical fiction, I, Claudius, Justinian I, Procopius, Random House, Robert Graves, Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars, Theodora (6th century). The Liber Pontificalis gives a more detailed narrative: "Augusta [Theodora] was wroth and she sent instructions to Vilisarius [Belisarius], the patrician, ... 'Find some occasion to accuse Pope Silverius and depose him from the bishopric or else send him surely and speedily to us' ... And certain false witnesses, encouraged by these instructions, came forward and said: 'We have found Pope Silverius sending letters to the king of the Goths'... Then he [Belisarius] bade Pope Silverius come to him in the Pincian palace... And Silverius went alone with Vigilius into the mausoleum and Antonina, the patrician, was lying upon a couch and Vilisarius [Belisarius], the patrician, was sitting at her feet. "For in order that the man might not be alone and thus come to himself, and scorning her enchantments might come to think as he ought concerning her, she had taken care to travel all over the world with him." [35], "Such was the experience of Bouzes. When her husband tried to send her to safety in Byzantine-occupied Naples, she instead raised an army and led reinforcements to relieve Rome. It is fictionalized only to the extent necessary to tell the tale of Antonina in the form of a novel. . Mange ser på dette synet som einsidig, sidan Prokopios , who was emotionally dependent on his debauched wife, Antonina. ... "There the Empress made an exhibition before all mankind, shewing that she knew how to requite bloody favours with greater and more unholy gifts. "But on the following day the infantry with the wife of Belisarius came up and we all proceeded together on the road toward Carthage, which we reached in the late evening". [1], When Belisarius was restored to favor, he reportedly attempted to reclaim the position of magister militum per orientem. Belisarius had been recalled to participate in a new war against the Sassanid Empire. Count Belisarius purports to be a biography written by Eugenius, a eunuch who is a servant of Belisarius' wife Antonina. [3], Procopius in several chapters argues that Antonina was "skilful in magic", an account not taken seriously by later historians. Belisarius’s gesture has much greater significance — both in Byzantine history and in the history of all humanity. But John (since it was fated that he should fare ill), disregarding the emperor's warning, about midnight met Antonina, close by a certain wall behind which she had stationed Narses and Marcellus with their men that they might hear what was said. When Euphemia heard this, she promised eagerly that the suggestion would be carried out, and departing from there she immediately brought the matter before her father." [1], In the 540s, her daughter Ioannina had married Anastasius. When Antonina learned the mind of John, she wished to lead him as far as possible astray from the understanding of the truth, so she said that for the present it was inadvisable that he should meet her, for fear lest some suspicion should arise strong enough to prevent proceedings; but she was intending straightway to depart for the East to join Belisarius. [16][24], Procopius eldewhere blames her for the death of Constantinus (Constantine) in late 537. . Procopius hated Antonina. Cast in the form of a chronicle/memoir, written by Eugenius, the eunuch servant of Belisarius's wife, Antonina, this purports to tell the story of Count [Generalissimo] Belisarius, of the Eastern Roman army in the days of Justinian and Theodora, 6th century AD. Photius she subjected to one servile torture after another, tearing the flesh off his back and shoulders with merciless flogging, insisting that he should disclose the whereabouts of Theodosius and the procurer. Fittingly, Belisarius and Justinian, whose sometimes strained partnership increased the size of the empire by 45%, died within a few weeks of one another in November of 565. Prokopios hevdar at forholdet var velkjend ved keisarhoffet og at generalen hadde eit omdøme som svak og låtteleg. He must have known Antonina "intimately" and his position would allow him to chronicle the activities of both women. He accordingly drew the dagger which hung by his thigh and suddenly thrust it at the belly of Belisarius. Antonina: [upon seeing how creatively the armorer interpreted her instructions] My tits are not that big. Antonina, the wife of General Belisarius, Justinian’s favored military commander, was a close friend of the Empress. And Belisarius, being by now mastered by anger, enquired whether Constantinus did not think that he was subject to his orders. University of Virginia. A rival, the grand chamberlain Narses, plots against the general. Thus, then, the two armies passed this night." But on one occasion Presidius met Belisarius riding on horseback in the forum, and he laid hold of the horse's bridle, and crying out with a loud voice asked whether the laws of the emperor said that, whenever anyone fleeing from the barbarians comes to them as a suppliant, they should rob him by violence of whatever he may chance to have in his hands. : Tenor Eudora, friend of Irene . Please help to demonstrate the notability of the topic by citing, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antonina:_A_Byzantine_Slut&oldid=939901638, Articles with topics of unclear notability from July 2014, All articles with topics of unclear notability, Book articles with topics of unclear notability, Articles lacking in-text citations from July 2014, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Wikipedia articles with plot summary needing attention from July 2019, All Wikipedia articles with plot summary needing attention, Articles that may contain original research from July 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 February 2020, at 11:46. Her influence of her husband was great. About this time, meanwhile, Belisarius married the widowed Antonina, who, as an old friend to the empress Theodora, had influence at court that was later to be of great importance to him. So these cast lots for them and divided them all up among themselves, arms and all, as each happened to win them. . When he dies soon afterward, Antonina fulfills his last wishes and then enters a convent to prepare for her own death. This series lampshades the hell out of the trope, though the armor in question provides more coverage than most examples of the trope. Prononciation de antonina à 2 prononciations audio, 1 sens, 3 traductions, 13 les phrases et de plus pour antonina. Consequently the man's character was openly revealed at that time." Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 3, Chapter 20.1. She was at Portus in 546, Croton in late 547, and Hydruntum in 548. He defames nearly everyone else. ISBN. A slave girl attempted to tell him. Now Antonina, the wife of Belisarius, (for she was the most capable person in the world to contrive the impossible), purposing to do a favour to the empress, devised the following plan. "In 548 he married Ioannina, the daughter of Belisarius". ), Spanish dramatist, was born at Guadix (Granada) about 1578. Antonina (Wife of Belisarius) Book. [1], Lynda Garland has noted that our main source for both Antonina and Theodora is Procopius. It was probably a nudge from Theodora that brought Belisarius to Justinian’s attention. The sole exception was the water supplies of Belisarius' own ship. But describes him as a son from a previous marriage, not as an illegitimate. He reportedly spend two years and four months (late 542-early 545) held in an underground chamber, located below the women's quarters of the palace. Antonina and Belisarius had even been godparents to a young man named Theodosius when he converted to the orthodox Catholic faith. Only later chapters start targeting Theodora and Justinian. Belisarius Lyric Tragedy in Three Parts byi Salvadore Cammarano Personaggi: Justinian, Eastern emperor . Salvadore Cammarano wrote the Italian libretto after Luigi Marchionni's adaptation of Eduard von Schenk's [] play, Belisarius, first staged in Munich in 1820 and then (in Italian) in Naples in 1826. When jealous subordinates warned Justinian that Belisarius intended to rebel and take the throne himself, the general showed his loyalty by returning to Constantinople without his guards. Belisario (Belisarius) is a tragedia lirica (tragic opera) in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Belisarius; Antonina is a Mother to Belisarius' Men. She arrived to find Theodora had already died. Soprano Eutropio, captain of the imperial guards . Procopius allows some glimpses as to her movements. [1][9][33], In other words, Theodora located Theodosius and hid him in the palace. But she is also portrayed as the "steady supporter and helpmate" of Belisarius. Quintus Curtius Biography, History Antonina, Procopius Secret History, Theodora, Theodosius In a previous article here we recounted the dramatic fall of one of the Emperor Justinian’s venal officials, John of Cappadocia. What deed was performed on Silverius is never actually explained. She acted as an agent of Theodora in a number of occasions. While sometimes giving more details about people than in the novel itself, these notes may seem unnecessarily extensive. She could be only repaying a favor, as Procopius viewed the event. [38][39] The background of Antonina can be guessed to match that of Theodora and their friendship might predate their rise to power. The latter was a grandson of Theodora. Dewing (1914), History of the Wars, Book 6, Chapter 5.5. His Achilles’ heel was none other than his wife, Antonina. She was supposedly only restrained by fear of losing the favour of her patron Theodora, wife of Justinian I (r. 527–65). Moreover, his own wife Antonina proved to be disloyal and debauched, carrying on many affairs at court. But he, though being racked with torture, determined to hold fast to his oath; for though he was a sickly person and had in earlier life been dissolute, yet he had been devoted to the care of his body, having experienced neither wanton treatment nor hardship. The 'Life of Belisarius' is really just a retelling of the works of Prokopios and Agathias, with a heavy Victorian slant. For Theodora hated her, and had already shown her teeth. Another great relationship in the novel is between Belisarius and his wife Antonina. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. [1][10][11], Finally, a granddaughter of Antonina is mentioned in the 540s. As for Belisarius, though he was convicted of none of the charges, the Emperor, at the insistence of the Empress, relieved him of the command which he held and appointed Martinus to be General of the East in his stead, and instructed him to distribute the spearmen and guards of Belisarius and all his servants who were notable men in war to certain of the officers and Palace eunuchs. Lightman and Lightman (2007), p. 30. Procopius reports: "Belisarius left his wife and the barricaded camp to the infantry, and himself set forth with all the horsemen". He left there Antonina with the infantry. Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 1. Monophysitism disputed orthodox doctrine in the eastern empire and Arianism was the faith of the Barbarians who held the west. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ) Skip to main content.ca Hello, Sign in. She might have been part of the demimonde involved in the theater of her age. . "[1][15], During the crossing of the Adriatic Sea the water supplies of the Byzantine navy were contaminated (spoiled). [34] Procopius credits Antonina with his restoration to favor. The marriage probably took place between 542 and 544, when Belisarius had fallen out of favor. And he went about, a sorry and incredible sight, Belisarius a private citizen in Byzantium, practically alone, always pensive and gloomy, and dreading a death by violence." Belisarius was Procopius' hero and most of his criticism of the hero is that Belisarius is love blind toward Antonina. In the fictional early life of Antonina, she is widowed and survives two earthquakes and a fire which are known to have ravished the city of Antioch at that time. Antonina is a low born slut who is below disdain and who seduces the general with caresses and enchantments. Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1914). And there was with them also Procopius, who wrote this history. Her lack of discretion led to a public confrontation. Raj is genuinely in touch with an old AI, which is a whole lot like hearing spirit voices. [1][6]" Photius is also mentioned by Liberatus of Carthage and John of Ephesus. Though his emperor always suspected that the general would one day attempt to seize the throne, when that was suggested to him by the Goths of Italy he pretended to accept their offer of support only to turn the Gothic kingdom over to Justinian. The best attested child is arguably Photius, who gained a reputation for cruelty when suppressing the Samaritan Revolts (550s–570s). Edward Gibbon justly calls Belisarius the Africanus of New Rome. . The key roles of this drama were the Empress Theodora and her amoral compatriot Antonina (c. 484-565), the wife of Belisarius. Theodora also compelled Belisarius, much against his inclination, to lay aside his quarrel with his wife Antonina. The subtitle of Antonina is A Byzantine Slut and Kastenellos does not whitewash her infidelity, but he does sympathize. That was a position in the theatre reserved for performers less prestigious than the actors, such as acrobats, dancers, jugglers, etc. Photius she subjected to one servile torture after another, tearing the flesh off his back and shoulders with merciless flogging, insisting that he should … The Gothic War, covering the period from the first Byzantine attacks in 535 AD until the fall of Ravenna in 540 and the recall of Belisarius. But a sort of justice forestalled her, for he was seized by an attack of dysentery and removed from the world." Moorhead (1994), p. 174. "And she [Theodora] forced Belisarius, quite against his will, to become reconciled with his wife Antonina. Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 1.11 and notes. But they left a large number of Isaurians to guard the ships. When Theodora deprives Belisarius of his wealth and honors he is depressed beyond bearing. Lightman, Marjorie; Lightman, Benjamin (2007). Perhaps because of his dislike of Procopius or perhaps because of Procopius' dislike of Antonina, Kastenellos stretches the historical record and identifies him as a eunuch despite that there is nothing in the record to support such a supposition, Then too, there is nothing to prove it otherwise and Kastenellos admits to the supposition in an afterword. And many of those who had been his friends or had previously served him in some way he forbade to visit Belisarius any longer. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. His lieutenants are disobedient political appointments with familial relations to Justinian, or are barbarian chieftains with little loyalty to anyone. . Procopius alleges that she only did so to maintain her influence on the general. 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