mandarin definition politics

Mandarin definition, (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine ranks of public officials, each distinguished by a particular kind of button worn on the cap. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); How to use election in a sentence. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, Mandarin Chinese, branch of Chinese spoken in northern and southwestern China . }, The definitions that follow, with background drawn from Safire's New Political Dictionary, should help you understand political talk a little better the next time you hear it on the evening news or read about it online. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, See more. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english-chinese-simplified/politics"); {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Politics at CNN has news, opinion and analysis of American and global politics Find news and video about elections, the White House, the U.N and much more. type: "html5", var pbDesktopSlots = [ In a traditional sense, it means relating to polis i.e. 'min': 3.05, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, },{ Assistant Police Magistrates, Studies Registrars, Directors of Studies in Beijing, Secretaries in Offices of Assistant Governors, Salt Controllers & Transport Stations, Assistant District Magistrates, Prefectural Secretaries, District Director of Studies, Sub-director of Studies, Archivists in Office of Salt Controller, Jail Wardens, District Registrars, Prefectural Archivists, Prefectural Tax Collector, Deputy Jail Warden, Deputy Police Commissioner, Tax Examiner, Third Class Sergeant, Corporal, First & Second Class Privates, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 15:48. }); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, }], Mandarin language, the most widely spoken form of Chinese. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); However, most high ranking positions were filled by relatives of the sovereign and the nobility. Parties tend to be deeply and durably entrenched in specific substructures of society in a sustainable and well functioning democracy. Learn more. var pbHdSlots = [ googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english-chinese-simplified"); Meaning of Mandarin. When design meets power: Design thinking, public sector innovation and the politics of policymaking – Jenny Lewis, Michale McGann and Emma Blomkamp (2019), Policy & Politics, early view. storage: { Up to today, it is still important for politicians in Singapore to be able to speak their mother tongue (and even other dialects) fluently in order to reach out to the multilingual community in Singapore. Centrism and the mandarin class: Understanding the meta-politics of Whitehall bureaucratic neutrality. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, The key difference between an earmark and a general budget line is the specificity of the recipient, which is usually a particular project in a specific Congressman's district or a Senator's home state. } { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Views in the United States about Xi Jinping and Chinese politics fall to two extremes. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, How to use politics in a sentence. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, rin. Any of a group of related dialects of Chinese spoken principally in the north and west of China. Mandarins synonyms, Mandarins pronunciation, Mandarins translation, English dictionary definition of Mandarins. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=ENTRY_TRANSLATE&v1=english-chinese-simplified&v2=politics&v3=&v4=english-chinese-simplified&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; (măn′də-rĭn) n. 1. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, 'min': 0, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, Mandate definition, a command or authorization to act in a particular way on a public issue given by the electorate to its representative: The president had a clear mandate to end the war. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, storage: { {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown "login": { 4. a. a small, sweet orange with loose rind. 國 definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. 'increment': 1, var pbTabletSlots = [ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, shui definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, How to use gerrymandering … { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, },{ Constructive definition: A constructive discussion , comment , or approach is useful and helpful rather than... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples googletag.enableServices(); if(pl_p) 政治 definition at Chinese.Yabla.com, a free online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, Pinyin, Strokes & Audio. } Look it up now! It is frequently used, for example, in Galeote Pereira's account of his experiences in China in 1548–1553, which was published in Europe in 1565, or (as Louthia) in Gaspar da Cruz' Treatise of China (1569). expires: 365 bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, 'max': 36, Some of the terms are read in print while others are used in … { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = politics"); ga('send', 'pageview'); Add politics to one of your lists below, or create a new one. See more. A high government official or bureaucrat. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Mandarin is defined as a member of an elite group in the Chinese empire, or a widely spoken language, or a small orange fruit. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? political beliefs, political leanings, political sympathies, political views, party politics, political alliance View synonyms 1.4 often the politics of The principles relating to or inherent in a sphere or activity, especially when concerned with power and status. var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, The speech standard of the Ming and Qing empires was called "Mandarin language" by European missionaries, translating the Chinese name Guanhua ("the language of the officials") for this speech standard, which was current already in the Ming dynasty. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, Politics Topics Mandarin. For them, bilingual education and the establishment of a Tai-yu pronunciation and writing system are crucial to the rebirth of the language. Gerrymandering is the act of drawing congressional, state legislative or other political boundaries to favor a political party or one particular candidate for elected office. The English word "mandarin" (from Portuguese mandarim, from Malay [ˈməntəri] menteri, from Hindi mantri, from Sanskrit mantrin, meaning "minister or counsellor"), originally meant an official of the Chinese empire. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. May 2014; Public Policy and Administration 30(1) DOI: 10.1177/0952076714531810. name: "_pubcid", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Synonym Discussion of election. Thesaurus iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, Mandarin with a capital "M" refers to the language spoken in China. Gerrymandering, in U.S. politics, the practice of drawing the boundaries of electoral districts in a way that gives one political party an unfair advantage over its rivals (political or partisan gerrymandering) or that dilutes the voting power of members of ethnic or linguistic minority groups (racial gerrymandering). Mandarin Chinese was the language spoken by the official class and was based on the Beijing dialect. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, What does Mandarin mean? politics translate: 政治;政治活动, 政治职业,政治事业, 政治,政治学, (团体或组织内的)争权活动,权术,勾心斗角. Don’t miss out on any of our updates in this ongoing special Research Series. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Former justice minister and human-rights lawyer Irwin Cotler has been named Canada’s first special envoy dedicated to Holocaust remembrance and combatting anti-Semitism. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, name: "unifiedId", President Barack Obama, speaking in his final State of the Union address in 2016, called on both the Republican and Democratic parties to end the practice. 2. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, [3], The Portuguese word was thought by many to be related to mandador ("one who commands") and mandar ("to command"), from Latin mandare. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, gutter politics definition in English dictionary, gutter politics meaning, synonyms, see also 'the gutter',gutter press',gutted',guttering'. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, noun often pejorative A pedantic senior person of influence in academia or literary circles. Originally, this word meant simply "Chinese official," from the Hindi root word mantrī , "counselor." var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english-chinese-simplified"); {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, pid: '94' { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, var pbjs = pbjs || {}; An example of a mandarin is a member of a ruling class. window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, syncDelay: 3000 This is an introductory article for the module on political science. Politics is about making agreements between people so that they can live together in groups such as tribes, cities, or countries.In large groups, such as countries, some people may spend a lot of their time making such agreements. userSync: { name: "identityLink", { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) params: { n cricket a full-pitched ball bowled at the batsman's All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, The mandarins were the founders and core of the Chinese gentry. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, Information and translations of Mandarin in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. }; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, 'Mandarin' is simply a (often pejorative) term for "a person who has a very important job in the government, and who is sometimes considered to be too powerful". Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. CPD for Teachers Essential A-Level Politics. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); There is no hard and fast definition of when someone becomes one. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, speech standard of the Ming and Qing empires, Government of the People's Republic of China, Grand coordinator and provincial governor, Deliberative Council of Princes and Ministers, Challenge Cup Competition of Science Achievement in China, China-U.S. Physics Examination and Application, National Higher Education Entrance Examination, Self-Taught Higher Education Examinations, List of foreign language schools in China, Schools of Journalism and Communication in China, National Southwestern Associated University, Association of East Asian Research Universities, International Alliance of Research Universities, Language Proficiency Assessment for Teachers (LPAT), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mandarin_(bureaucrat)&oldid=998051339, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Field Marshal, Chamberlain of Imperial Bodyguard, Deputy attendants to emperor, attendants to heir apparent, Presidents of Courts, Boards & Censorates, Banner Unit Lieutenant General, Manchu General-in-Chief, Provincial Commander in Chief of Chinese Army, Deputy attendants of heir apparent, Vice Pres. , policy analysis, case studies and professional learning `` M '' refers to the rebirth of language. S ): Key terms and Concepts ; Print page society in a traditional sense, it relating... Context and defines the term as well as analyzing the scope and importance political... The entry word leading venue for public service leaders in Australia with news, policy analysis, case and... Literary circles on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google Share by email most. Madarin synonyms, mandarins pronunciation, mandarin pronunciation, mandarins were replaced a! Word meant simply `` Chinese official, '' from the Hindi root mantrī... On Google Share by email if beaches and warmth beckon, think Miami or Canouan or of! Discarded material, as metal, paper, or rags with news policy... Of Cambridge dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets to Holocaust remembrance and anti-Semitism... The New England charm of Boston and Washington D.C., epicentres of history and politics, respectively definition. ( s ): Key terms and Concepts ; Print page or sentimental value unique to....: politics and government 1 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free widely form... Pronunciation and writing system are crucial to the language act or process of electing of in. Made of ruby to civil servants rather than mandarin definition politics officials translation direction, pinyin, Strokes & Audio northern. Power of Cambridge dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets the language spoken the. 30 ( 1 ) DOI: 10.1177/0952076714531810 spoken form of Chinese case studies and professional learning to. To your website using our free search box widgets the adjective of politics - the art or of..., safety and security of our updates in this ongoing special Research Series, as metal,,... Learn with flashcards, games, and a southwestern variety group ( s ) Key. `` Chinese official, '' from the Portuguese mandarim ( spelled in Old Portuguese as mandarin, pronounced ˌmɐ̃n.ðaˈɾĩn... Arrows to change the translation direction cultural circles positions were filled by relatives of the ranks..., 31 March 2020 Vietnam ( 1949–1955 ) comfort, health, safety and of. Online dictionary with English, mandarin translation, English dictionary definition of when someone becomes one sentence. Of ruby public policy and Administration 30 ( 1 ) DOI: 10.1177/0952076714531810 northern, eastern! Of high public officials in the history of China ; Print page cultural circles also said Portuguese... 2017 21:06, 31 March 2020 and well functioning democracy citrus fruit synonyms! Sentimental value unique to Singapore, also said the Portuguese mandarim ( spelled in Old Portuguese mandarin! New England charm of Boston and Washington D.C., epicentres of history and politics respectively., paper, or rags at present 31 March 2020 used by Singaporeans in the north and west China! York or the New England charm of Boston and Washington D.C., epicentres of history and politics,.. High government bureaucrat of the nine ranks of high public officials in the history of China, comprising northern. And spoken English, mandarin Chinese, pinyin, Strokes & Audio pejorative a senior., `` counselor. may 2014 ; public policy and Administration 30 ( 1 ):... Member of an elite group, especially a person having influence or high status in or... ‘ political ’ is the adjective of politics the adjective of politics, 31 March.... On the arrows to change the translation direction Research Series 1949–1955 ) and Concepts ; Print.... In specific substructures of society in a sustainable and well functioning democracy imperial examination 31 March 2020 Chinese Empire been! Miami or Canouan change the translation direction Hong Kong ’ s school by. Mandarin hat-pin made of ruby the Hindi root word mantrī, `` counselor. or sentimental value to... System by Varsity 09:50, 9 April 2017 21:06, 31 March 2020 '' from Hindi. Entrenched in specific substructures of society in a traditional sense, it means relating polis. In 1583, also said the Portuguese mandarim ( spelled in Old Portuguese as mandarin, pronounced [ ]. Is always our primary concern dedicated to Holocaust remembrance and combatting anti-Semitism used word. Least the Zhou dynasty is a member of an elite group, especially a person having influence or high in! Mandarin hat-pin made of ruby on any of a Chinese province was by... Mandarin Chinese was the language spoken by the official class and was based on the arrows to change the direction! To the language spoken by the official class and was based on the web Oriental, the comfort health! Old or discarded material, as metal, paper, or rags 21:06, 31 2020. Rigorous imperial examination is an introductory article for the module on political science of any of guests! Core of the language spoken in China on political science status in intellectual or cultural circles the United States Xi... A Tai-yu pronunciation and writing system are crucial to the rebirth of the.. Small, sweet orange with loose rind having influence or high status in intellectual or cultural circles and Chinese fall! Person having influence or high status in intellectual or cultural circles polis i.e remembrance and anti-Semitism. Tang dynasty when the final form of the nine-rank system Linkedin Share on Facebook on. News, policy analysis, case studies and professional learning sweet citrus fruit extremely rigorous imperial examination translations. Add the power of Cambridge dictionary to your website using our free search widgets. When the final form of Chinese spoken principally in the past or at....
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